For some people, ATV belt slippage on their CVT (continuously variable transmission) which transmits power from an ATV’s engine to its wheels isn’t an instantly detectable phenomenon.
Of course, your ATV moving slower than normal or being less responsive may sometimes point you in a different direction, but in the end, you might eventually end up discovering that the belt helping the CVT do its job has slipped.
If you own or ride an ATV, this phenomenon is one that you will most likely experience once in a while; It is almost unavoidable.
However, the frequency with which you will experience belt slipping off your CVT can be controlled by how you generally care for your Atv and the precautions you take.
ATV Belt Slipping – Symptoms & Causes
The symptoms of ATV belt slipping can manifest in different ways, depending on the extent of the issue.
Some symptoms you may notice are;
- The reduced power output caused by ATV belt slipping can make it difficult for the vehicle to navigate certain types of terrain.
- A higher engine RPM does not correspond with the actual speed of the ATV
- Atv jerking or bucking
- The smell of burn as a result of friction
There are several causes of Atv belt slipping, here are the most common ones:
One of the most common causes of slipping is a worn-out belt. Normal wear and tear, contaminations, and high temperature are some reasons that could be responsible for a belt getting worn out.
A cracked, thin, or glazed belt will no longer provide enough grip thereby resulting in slippage.
If you begin to notice poor output or acceleration while riding your ATV then you should probably inspect the belt for any sign of a crack, fraying, or missing pieces.
In situations like this one, a complete change of belt is the most appropriate solution as a belt in this condition cannot be fixed; at least not well enough to be able to get a good performance anymore.
Atv engine combustion and the friction between the belt and pulley are two of the sources of excessive heat which is capable of causing damage to your ATV’s belt, subsequently leading to slipping.
When the belt succumbs to the effects of heat, it becomes glazed, that is, you will notice it becomes hard and shiny on the surface.
Also, excess heat will make the belt stretch thereby reducing its grip. You should inspect your Atv regularly to be able to identify these symptoms in time to prevent more colossal damage.
Riding in the rain or through water or even frequent exposure to humid conditions puts your ATV’s belt at risk of getting wet which may cause it to lose grip and slip.
Though avoiding riding in the rain or through water will ensure your ATV’s belt doesn’t get wet, I know it is not exactly an easy precaution to be taken so you should know how to get rid of moisture from the belt and pulley to avoid slipping.
One way is to get a dry towel on the belt or the pulley and wipe the water off, then allow it some time to completely dry up before you start the engine again.
I would strongly advise against riding your ATV through deep water, it’s not so safe.
There are aftermarket belt covers you can also buy to add extra protection from water and debris; be sure to get one compatible with your ATV, you would want to avoid a belt cover that restricts ventilation or causes overheating.
Since the clutch is responsible for engaging and disengaging the engine from your ATV’s CVT, any fault with it may cause an improper engagement of the engine which might cause the belt to slip.
A worn clutch pad will make it almost impossible for the ATV’s belt to get a good grip and likewise, a worn clutch bearing is what keeps the clutch engaged.
If you have a problem with your clutch, you shouldn’t ride the Atv until it’s fixed.
Sometimes dirt, dust, mud, or some other foreign material can find their way into the clutch housing and the belt’s working surface, causing it to become contaminated.
It is quite easy to identify a contaminated belt: the surface of the belt may become hard and smooth, a condition also known as glazing.
Also, a contaminated belt may become stretched out and weak. The effects of contamination will usually manifest themselves through frequent belt slipping.
Wrong Belt Type
Your ATV needs specific belt types to be able to function at maximum capacity, even a little irregularity with the belt profile can cause slipping.
If it doesn’t fit well, it means it is certainly the wrong one.
When we talk about belt type, we refer to important factors such as; belt material which comes in a variety of friction coefficients and heat resistance needed for the right amount of grip.
The belt size is equally important here. As I said earlier, if it doesn’t fit well, then it isn’t the right one. The wrong belt size will always slip no matter how smart you try to go about it.
Belt tension should also be considered. If it’s too loose, it will most likely slip under load because of its poor grip.
Always consult your owner’s manual before attempting to install a belt for credible details on the right belt type for your Atv.
High Engine Load
If your engine is forced into an aggressive state and produces more torque than the belt can handle, be it while trying to climb a hill, tow a larger vehicle or carry heavy luggage, the belt will likely slip off its pulley.
This happens because the belt will be unable to transfer all the power being released by the engine to the wheels, thereby causing a struggle for the Atv to move.
When your ATV overheats, chances are that the belt will be affected. I’ve explained before now, the effects of heat on ATV belts and why it can indeed cause slipping.
Overheating however may result from a number of mechanical issues including, problems with the radiator, diminished coolant level which makes it difficult to regulate engine temperature, leaks in the cooling system, a damaged thermostat, a dirty air filter, or a bad fan.
All of these may cause your ATV to overheat and in turn affect the belt.
An engine run-in is a process your vehicle, especially a new one, will go through in order for its components to adjust to new conditions properly and in a controlled manner.
This is an important process that is needed so your vehicle can perform optimally. If the engine run-in isn’t properly observed, it might affect some components, including the ATV’s belt, and prevent it from adjusting properly to fit its pulley thereby resulting in slipping.
Information about your ATV’s run-in period can be found in the owner’s manual and if absent, do contact the manufacturer.
Remember that your ATV’s belt works as a source of transferring power from the engine to the wheels, in the event that there are problems with the engine, what that would normally result are inadequacies with the power being supplied which will further cause problems for the belt.
There is an amount of tension the belt needs to maintain traction on the clutch and pulley therefore, with a faulty engine that probably produces low power, the belt will not receive the right amount of tension it needs thereby forcing it to slip off the pulley.
When an ATV’s belt begins to lose strength from wear and tear or other factors, it becomes easy for slipping to occur and it sometimes will happen in the most annoying instances, for example, when you accelerate or decelerate suddenly.
With the sudden acceleration/deceleration, the belt needs to be able to get a good grip on the pulley in real-time, if not it would slip.
Wrong Alignment Of Pulleys
That rotating wheel which has a grooved rim, located in the continuously variable transmission system of your ATV is what is referred to as a pulley.
The belt in an ATV needs to be correctly attached to it in order to function correctly but a pulley that is out of place or wrongly aligned would make it quite impossible for the belt to track straight.
Wrong installation may be the reason why the pulley is misaligned but that’s not the only one.
Wear and tear or damage may also cause the pulley to become wrongly aligned and what that translates into is, an ATV belt that struggles to fit perfectly on the pulley causing it to slip.
Try to inspect this component often so as to be able to catch issues early before they become serious.
Faulty Belt Installation
An ATV belt can be mistakenly or purposely installed incorrectly at times.
Don’t worry about that, it’s happened even to the best of us.
A belt must be installed with the right tension; when it’s too loose it might lead to the belt slipping and when to it’s too tight, the belt will wear out faster.
Precautions Against ATV Belt Slipping
Though not entirely avoidable, there are some things you can do to safeguard against ATV belt slipping. These include;
- Maintaining the right belt tension according to the manufacturer’s specification will help keep the belt from being too tight or loose
- Smoothly accelerate/decelerate rather than abruptly as the suddenness may cause the belt to slip
- Endeavor to keep the belt clean and devoid of dirt, dust, or debris
- Do not overload your ATV’s engine
- If you need to replace the belts, do so with the right belt profile and quality. Always refer to the owner’s manual for the right specifications
5 Best ATV Belts
Polaris Slingshot Drive Belt
Designed, engineered, and tested by Polaris engineers and field test crews to ensure they deliver a perfect fit, maximum performance, and ultimate durability
SuperATV Heavy-Duty Extreme Badass
Heavy-Duty Strength】 Extreme Badass belts are for those that like to push the limits. If OEM belts can’t keep up with you, this is the CVT Maverick X3 belt you need.
It uses an aramid cord and high-strength rubber compound that are designed for higher transfer power through your clutch and handle high torque pulls without breaking.
Gates 30G3750 G-Force CVT Belt
Flexible, high-performance materials enable grab-and-go mobility and responsive acceleration
Double- or single-cog designs to match the OEM belt with advanced trapezoid top-notch and rounded cog design to maximize heat dissipation and flexibility
Advanced aramid tensile cords and reinforced fiber-loaded undercard for durability and dependability
Polaris RZR XP 1000 Belt
STRENGTH: The first CVT belt utilizing a carbon tensile cord, combining minimal stretch with extraordinary strength
FLEXIBILITY: High-performance neoprene with a trapezoidal top-notch and rounded bottom cog design maximizing heat control and flexibility.
MINSTAR CVT Drive Belt
MINSTAR Drive Belt Made Of Excellent Quality Rubber Material, Design According To OEM Parts. Sturdy And Durable In Use, Has The Characteristics Of Wear Resistance And Corrosion Resistance. It Can Bring You Reliability And Endless Fun For Extended Cross-Country Travel.
Compatible With Polaris: RZR S 1000 EPS: 2016-2019 RZR XP 1000 EPS: 2015-2019 RZR XP 1000: 2020 2021 RZR XP 1000 Premium: 2020 2021 RZR XP 1000 Limited Edition: 2020 RZR XP 4 1000 Limited Edition
ATV belt slipping is an occurrence that you might experience sooner or later and when it does.
I hope this information I’ve shared with you will come in handy to help you manage the situation in the best way possible. Don’t panic, we got this!